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Life Sci. 2000 Sep 22;67(18):2221-31.

Stress, anxiety and peripheral benzodiazepine receptor mRNA levels in human lymphocytes.

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  • 1Neuro-Behavioural Biology Center, Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University, Salava, Nakorn Pathom, Thailand.

Abstract

Peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) mRNA levels were measured in lymphocytes obtained from a cohort of university students and clinically diagnosed anxious patients. The average level of PBR mRNA was decreased in anxious patients compared to a control group. This data confirms previously published results, but it also indicates that PBR mRNA levels cannot be used as a sole diagnostic measure of anxiety because the range of the individual PBR mRNA levels of the anxious group overlapped the range of the PBR mRNA levels of the control group. PBR mRNA levels in students following academic examinations were increased in some individuals and decreased in others. In the same cohort of students individual levels of cortisol and prolactin were predominantly increased and decreased respectively. There was no correlation between the individual changes in the hormone levels or PBR mRNA, which suggests that each of these parameters is affected by different environmental and physiological factors. Lymphocyte PBR mRNA measurement is a useful additional methodology for studying human stress responses however, its use in clinical studies would require the elucidation of PBR's physiological role.

PMID:
11045603
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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