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Oncogene. 2000 Oct 19;19(44):5041-53.

Interferon-beta induces S phase slowing via up-regulated expression of PML in squamous carcinoma cells.

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  • 1Laboratory of Virology, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Type I Interferon (IFN) and all-trans retinoic acid (RA) inhibit cell proliferation of squamous carcinoma cell lines (SCC). Examinations of growth-affected cell populations show that SCC lines ME-180 and SiHa treated with IFN-beta undergo a specific slower progression through the S phase that seems to trigger cellular death. In combination treatment RA potentiates IFN-beta effect in SCC ME-180 but not in SiHa cell line, partially resistant to RA antiproliferative action. RA added as single agent affects cell proliferation differently by inducing a slight G1 accumulation. The IFN-beta-induced S phase lengthening parallels the increased expression of PML, a nuclear phosphoprotein specifically up-regulated at transcriptional level by IFN, whose overexpression induces cell growth inhibition and tumor suppression. We report that PML up-regulation may account for the alteration of cell cycle progression induced by IFN-beta in SCC by infecting cells with PML-PINCO recombinant retrovirus carrying the PML-3 cDNA under the control of the 5' LTR. In fact PML overexpression reproduces the IFN-beta-induced S phase lengthening. These findings provide important insight into the mechanism of tumor suppressing function of PML and could allow PML to be included in the pathways responsible for IFN-induced cell growth suppression.

PMID:
11042692
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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