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FEBS Lett. 2000 Oct 20;483(2-3):114-8.

Direct binding of hepatitis B virus X protein and retinoid X receptor contributes to phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase gene transactivation.

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  • 1Center for Ligand and Transcription, Chonnam National University, Kwangju, South Korea.

Abstract

The X gene product of the human hepatitis B virus (HBx), a major factor responsible for hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma, modulates transactivation by a variety of transcription factors. Herein, expression of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene was found to be regulated transcriptionally by HBx through two distinct promoter regions. The cAMP response element (CRE)-1 site within the proximal promoter region mediated the HBx-induced transactivation of the PEPCK gene through C/EBP alpha and ATF-2. A retinoid X receptor (RXR) response element within the distal promoter region also contributed to the HBx-induced transactivation. Consistent with these results, HBx directly interacted with RXR, and the interaction interfaces were localized to the transactivation domain of HBx and the ligand binding domain of RXR.

PMID:
11042264
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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