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Theor Popul Biol. 2000 Sep;58(2):143-59.

Kin selection and natal dispersal in an age-structured population.

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  • 1Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, CC 65, Universit√© Montpellier II, Place Eug√®ne Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.

Abstract

We examine the effect of iteroparity on the evolution of dispersal for a species living in a stable but fragmented habitat. We use a kin selection model that incorporates the effects of demographic stochasticity on the local age structure and age-specific genetic identities. We consider two cases: when the juvenile dispersal rate is allowed to change with maternal age and when it is not. In the latter case, we find that the unconditional evolutionarily stable dispersal rate increases when the adult survival rate increases. Two antagonistic forces act upon the evolution of age-specific dispersal rates. First, when the local age structure varies between patches of habitat, the intensity of competition between adults and juveniles in the natal patch is, on average, lower for offspring born to older senescent mothers. This selects for decreasing dispersal with maternal age. Second, offspring born to older parents are on average more related to other juveniles in the same patch and they experience a higher intensity of kin competition, which selects for increasing dispersal with maternal age. We show that the evolutionary outcome results from a balance between these two opposing forces, which depends on the amount of variance in age structure among sub-populations.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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