Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 Oct;(379 Suppl):S171-8.

Cartilage and bone regeneration using gene-enhanced tissue engineering.

Author information

  • 1Department of Research, North Shore University Hospital-New York University School of Medicine, Manhasset 11030, USA.

Abstract

Joint cartilage injury remains a major problem in orthopaedics with more than 500,000 cartilage repair procedures performed yearly in the United States at a cost of hundreds of millions of dollars. No consistently reliable means to regenerate joint cartilage currently exists. The technologies of gene therapy and tissue engineering were combined using a retroviral vector to stably introduce the human bone morphogenic protein-7 complementary deoxyribonucleic acid into periosteal-derived rabbit mesenchymal stem cells. Bone morphogenic protein-7 secreting gene modified cells subsequently were expanded in monolayer culture, seeded onto polyglycolic acid grafts, implanted into a rabbit knee osteochondral defect model, and evaluated for bone and cartilage repair after 4, 8, and 12 weeks. The grafts containing bone morphogenic protein-7 gene modified cells consistently showed complete or near complete bone and articular cartilage regeneration at 8 and 12 weeks whereas the grafts from the control groups had poor repair as judged by macroscopic, histologic, and immunohistologic criteria. This is the first report of articular cartilage regeneration using a combined gene therapy and tissue engineering approach.

PMID:
11039767
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk