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Arthritis Rheum. 2000 Oct;43(10):2328-34.

Fcgamma receptor type IIIA is associated with rheumatoid arthritis in two distinct ethnic groups.

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  • 1University of Leeds, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate a possible association between a functional polymorphism in the intermediate-affinity receptor for IgG called Fc-gamma receptor type IIIA (FcgammaRIIIA [CD16]) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS:

This was an allelic association study in which a single nucleotide polymorphism in FcgammaRIIIA was examined as a susceptibility and/or severity factor for RA. The FcgammaRIIIA-158V/F polymorphism was genotyped by direct sequencing in 2 well-characterized ethnic groups, UK Caucasians (141 RA patients and 124 controls) and North Indians and Pakistanis (108 RA patients and 113 controls).

RESULTS:

The FcgammaRIIIA-158V/F polymorphism was associated with RA in both ethnic groups (P = 0.028 for UK Caucasians, P = 0.050 for North Indians and Pakistanis, and P = 0.003 for both groups combined). FcgammaRIIIA-158VF and -158W individuals had an increased risk of developing RA in both populations (UK Caucasians odds ratio [OR] 1.6, P = 0.050; North Indians and Pakistanis OR 1.9, P = 0.023; and combined groups OR 1.7, P = 0.003). In the UK Caucasian group, the highest risk was for nodular RA, a more severe disease subset, associated with homozygosity for the FcgammaRIIIA-158V allele (OR 4.4, P = 0.004). There was also evidence for an interaction between the RA-associated HLA-DRB1 allele and the presence of at least 1 FcgammaRIIIA-158V allele in predicting susceptibility to RA (OR 5.5, P = 0.000).

CONCLUSION:

We have demonstrated that the FcgammaRIIIA-158V/F polymorphism is a susceptibility and/or severity marker for RA in 2 distinct ethnic groups. This finding may ultimately provide additional insights into the pathogenesis of RA and other autoantibody/immune complex-driven autoimmune diseases.

PMID:
11037893
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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