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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2000 Nov;44(11):3069-73.

A novel action of the proton pump inhibitor rabeprazole and its thioether derivative against the motility of Helicobacter pylori.

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  • 1Department of Bacteriology, School of Medicine, Niigata University, 757 Ichibanchou, Niigata, Japan.

Abstract

The motility of Helicobacter pylori was maximum at 37 degrees C and at pH 6. A newly developed proton pump inhibitor, rabeprazole (RPZ), and its thioether derivative (RPZ-TH) markedly inhibited the motility of H. pylori. The concentrations of the drug necessary to inhibit 50% of the motility were 0.25, 16, 16, and >64 microgram/ml for RPZ-TH, RPZ, lansoprazole, and omeprazole, respectively. No such inhibitory effects were observed with H(2) blockers or anti-H. pylori agents. The motilities of Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli-but not those of Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, and Proteus mirabilis-were also inhibited. Prolonged incubation with RPZ or RPZ-TH inhibited bacterial growth of only H. pylori, except for a turbid colony mutant. The results indicate that RPZ and RPZ-TH have a characteristic inhibitory effect against the motility of H. pylori (spiral-shaped bacteria), which is distinguished from that against bacterial growth.

PMID:
11036024
PMCID:
PMC101604
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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