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J Biol Chem. 2000 Dec 29;275(52):40961-6.

Sds3 (suppressor of defective silencing 3) is an integral component of the yeast Sin3[middle dot]Rpd3 histone deacetylase complex and is required for histone deacetylase activity.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-4500, USA.


SDS3 (suppressor of defective silencing 3) was originally identified in a screen for mutations that cause increased silencing of a crippled HMR silencer in a rap1 mutant background. In addition, sds3 mutants have phenotypes very similar to those seen in sin3 and rpd3 mutants, suggesting that it functions in the same genetic pathway. In this manuscript we demonstrate that Sds3p is an integral subunit of a previously identified high molecular weight Rpd3p.Sin3p containing yeast histone deacetylase complex. By analyzing an sds3Delta strain we show that, in the absence of Sds3p, Sin3p can be chromatographically separated from Rpd3p, indicating that Sds3p promotes the integrity of the complex. Moreover, the remaining Rpd3p complex in the sds3Delta strain had little or no histone deacetylase activity. Thus, Sds3p plays important roles in the integrity and catalytic activity of the Rpd3p.Sin3p complex.

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