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[Mental disorders in acute neuroleptic poisoning].

[Article in Russian]


110 patients (52 men, 58 women) in a state of acute intoxication were examined in emergency department of psychoneurologic hospital. Neuroleptics of different groups were used to commit a suicide (91.3% of the cases), to obtain a toxicomanic effect (6.3%) and accidentally (1.8%). The patients suffered from borderline mental disorders (39.2%), schizophrenia (40.9%), manic-depressive psychosis in depressive phase (10.9%), chronic alcoholism (4.5%) and organic damages of CNS (4.5%). The patients with borderline states used various drugs and had more light disorders of consciousness (deafness). Meanwhile, the patients with endogenic mental disorders used strong neuroleptics, as a rule, that resulted in coma. In residual period there were different syndromes from asthenic to psychoorganic ones. They were more severe after poisoning with aminazinum, haloperidol, leponex.

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