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Anesthesiology. 2000 Oct;93(4):964-70.

Evaluation of a cerebral oximeter as a monitor of cerebral ischemia during carotid endarterectomy.

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  • 1Departments of Anesthesiology and Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.



Stroke is an important contributor to perioperative morbidity and mortality associated with carotid endarterectomy (CEA). This investigation was designed to compare the performance of the INVOS-3100 cerebral oximeter to neurologic function, as a means of detecting cerebral ischemia induced by carotid cross-clamping, in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy with cervical plexus block.


Ninety-nine patients undergoing 100 CEAs with regional anesthesia (deep or superficial cervical plexus block) were studied. Bilateral regional cerebrovascular oxygen saturation (rSO2) was monitored using the INVOS-3100 cerebral oximeter. Patients were retrospectively assigned to one of two groups: those in whom a change in mental status or contralateral motor deficit was noted after internal carotid clamping (neurologic symptoms; n = 10) and those who did not show any neurologic change (no neurologic symptoms; n = 90). Data from 94 operations (neurologic symptoms = 10 and no neurologic symptoms = 84) were adequate for statistical analyses for group comparisons. A relative decrease in ipsilateral rSO2 after carotid occlusion (calculated as a percentage of preocclusion value) during all operations (n = 100) was also calculated to determine the critical level of rSO2 decrease associated with a change in neurologic function.


The mean (+/- SD) decrease in rSO2 after carotid occlusion in the neurologic symptoms group (from 63.2 +/- 8.4% to 51.0 +/- 11.6%) was significantly greater (P = 0.0002) than in the no neurologic symptoms group (from 65.8 +/- 8.5% to 61.0 +/- 9.3%). Logistic regression analysis used to determine if a change in rSO2, calculated as a percentage of preclamp value, could be used to predict change in neurologic function was highly significant (likelihood ratio chi-square = 13.7; P = 0.0002). A 20% decrease in rSO2 reading from the preclamp baseline, as a predictor of neurologic compromise, resulted in a sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 82.2%. The false-positive rate using this cutoff point was 66.7%, and the false-negative rate was 2.6%, providing a positive predictive value of 33.3% and a negative predictive value of 97.4%.


Monitoring rSO2 with INVOS-3100 to detect cerebral ischemia during CEA has a high negative predictive value, but the positive predictive value is low.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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