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J Med Chem. 2000 Oct 5;43(20):3799-802.

6-Aminoquinolones as new potential anti-HIV agents.

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  • 1Dipartimento di Chimica e Tecnologia del Farmaco, University of Perugia, Via del Liceo 1, 06123 Perugia, Italy.


A series of 6-aminoquinolone compounds were evaluated for their in vitro activity against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Compound 12a, bearing a methyl substituent at the N-1 position and a 4-(2-pyridyl)-1-piperazine moiety at the C-7 position, was the most active in inhibiting HIV-1 replication on de novo infected C8166 human lymphoblastoid cell lines. The 12a EC(50) value was 0.1 microM, a 7-20-fold lower concentration relative to that for compounds 8a and 7a containing a cyclopropyl and tert-butyl substituent at the N-1 position, respectively. When the C-6 amino group was replaced with a fluorine atom, a decreased antiviral effect was observed. The observed effects are selective, since potency is substantially reduced when testing the compounds against the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Active quinolone derivatives very efficiently interact with TAR RNA, which suggests a nucleic acid-targeted mechanism of action.

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