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Physiol Genomics. 2000 Jan 24;2(1):21-7.

nNOS and eNOS modulate cGMP formation and vascular response in contracting fast-twitch skeletal muscle.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, Texas 75235-9040, USA. klau@mednet.swmed.edu


Nitric oxide (NO) from Ca(2+)-dependent neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in skeletal muscle fibers may modulate vascular tone by a cGMP-dependent pathway similar to NO derived from NOS in endothelial cells (eNOS). In isolated fast-twitch extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles from control mice, cGMP formation increased approximately 166% with electrical stimulation (30 Hz, 15 s). cGMP levels were not altered in slow-twitch soleus muscles. The NOS inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine abolished the contraction-induced increase in cGMP content in EDL muscles, and the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) increased cGMP content approximately 167% in noncontracting EDL muscles. SNP treatment but not electrical stimulation increased cGMP formation in muscles from nNOS(-/-) mice. cGMP formation in control and stimulated EDL muscles from eNOS(-/-) mice was less than that obtained with similarly treated muscles from control mice. Arteriolar relaxation in contracting fast-twitch mouse cremaster muscle was attenuated in muscles from mice lacking either nNOS or eNOS. These findings suggest that increases in cGMP and NO-dependent vascular relaxation in contracting fast-twitch skeletal muscle may require both nNOS and eNOS.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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