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J Nurs Manag. 2000 Jan;8(1):3-12.

Do new roles contribute to job satisfaction and retention of staff in nursing and professions allied to medicine?

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  • 1School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Studies have suggested that job dissatisfaction is a major factor influencing nurses' and occupational therapists' intention to leave their profession. It has also been related to turnover of qualified nurses. However, literature relating to these factors among nurses and professions allied to medicine in innovative roles is scarce.

AIMS:

This paper considers the views of 452 nurses and 162 professionals allied to medicine (PAMs) in innovative roles, on job satisfaction, career development, intention to leave the profession and factors seen as hindering and enhancing effective working.

METHODS:

A self-completion questionnaire was developed as part of a larger study exploring new roles in practice (The ENRiP Study).

FINDINGS:

Overall there was a high level of job satisfaction in both groups (nurses and PAMs). Job satisfaction was significantly related to feeling integrated within the post-holder's own professional group and with immediate colleagues, feeling that the role had improved their career prospects, feeling adequately prepared and trained for the role, and working to protocol. Sixty-eight percent (n = 415) of respondents felt the role had enhanced their career prospects but over a quarter of respondents (n = 163; 27%) said they would leave their profession if they could. Low job satisfaction was significantly related to intention to leave the profession.

CONCLUSIONS:

The vast majority of post-holders in innovative roles felt that the role provided them with a sense of job satisfaction. However, it is essential that the post-holders feel adequately prepared to carry out the role and that the boundaries of their practice are well defined. Career progression and professional integration both being associated with job satisfaction.

PMID:
11013536
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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