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J Biochem. 2000 Oct;128(4):673-8.

Substrate recognition mechanism of prolyl aminopeptidase from Serratia marcescens.

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  • 1School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan.


Molecular cloning of the gene and the crystal structure of the prolyl aminopeptidase [EC] from Serratia marcescens have been studied by us [J. Biochem. 122, 601-605 (1997); ibid. 126, 559-565 (1999)]. Through these studies, Phe139, Tyr149, Glu204, and Arg136 were estimated to be concerned with substrate recognition. To elucidate the details of the mechanism for the substrate specificity, the site-directed mutagenesis method was applied. The F139A mutant showed an 80-fold decrease in catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K(m)), but the Y149A mutant did not show a significant change in catalytic efficiency. The catalytic efficiency of the E204Q mutant was about 4% of that of the wild type. The peptidase activity of the mutant (R136A) was markedly decreased, however, arylamidase activity with Pyr-bNA was retained as in the wild-enzyme. From these results, it was clarified that the pyrrolidine ring and the amino group of proline at the S1 site were recognized by Phe139 and Glu204, respectively. P1' of a substrate was recognized by Arg136. On the other hand, the enzyme had two cysteine residues. Mutants C74A and C271A were inhibited by PCMB, but the double mutated enzyme (C74/271A) was resistant to it.

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