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J Biol Chem. 2000 Dec 22;275(51):40187-94.

Regulation of a Ca2+-sensitive adenylyl cyclase in an excitable cell. Role of voltage-gated versus capacitative Ca2+ entry.

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  • 1Departments of Pharmacology and Microbiology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA.


In nonexcitable cells, we had previously established that Ca(2+)-sensitive adenylyl cyclases, whether expressed endogenously or heterologously, were regulated exclusively by capacitative Ca(2+) entry (Fagan, K. A., Mahey, R. and Cooper, D. M. F. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 12438-12444; Fagan, K. A., Mons, N., and Cooper, D. M. F. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 9297-9305). Relatively little is known about how these enzymes are regulated by Ca(2+) in excitable cells, where they predominate. Furthermore, no effort has been made to determine whether the prominent voltage-gated Ca(2+) entry, which typifies excitable cells, overwhelms the effect of any capacitative Ca(2+) entry that may occur. In the present study, we placed the Ca(2+)-stimulable, adenylyl cyclase type VIII in an adenovirus vector to optimize its expression in the pituitary-derived GH(4)C(1) cell line. In these cells, a modest degree of capacitative Ca(2+) entry could be discerned in the face of a dramatic voltage-gated Ca(2+) entry. Nevertheless, both modes of Ca(2+) entry were equally efficacious at stimulating adenylyl cyclase. A striking release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores, triggered either by ionophore or thyrotrophin-releasing hormone, was incapable of stimulating the adenylyl cyclase. It thus appears as though the intimate colocalization of adenylyl cyclase with capacitative Ca(2+) entry channels is an intrinsic property of these molecules, regardless of whether they are expressed in excitable or nonexcitable cells.

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