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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000 Oct;66(10):4559-63.

Structure and species composition of mercury-reducing biofilms.

Author information

  • 1National Research Centre for Biotechnology (GBF), Division of Microbiology, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany. iwd@gbf.de

Abstract

Mercury-reducing biofilms from packed-bed bioreactors treating nonsterile industrial effluents were shown to consist of a monolayer of bacteria by scanning electron microscopy. Droplets of several micrometers in diameter which accumulated outside of the bacterial cells were identified as elemental mercury by electron-dispersive X-ray analysis. The monospecies biofilms of Pseudomonas putida Spi3 initially present were invaded by additional strains, which were identified to the species level by thermogradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) and 16S rDNA sequencing. TGGE community fingerprints of the biofilms showed that they were composed of the effluent bacteria and did not contain uncultivable microorganisms. Of the 13 effluent bacterial strains, 2 were not mercury resistant, while all the others had resistance levels similar to or higher than the inoculant strain.

PMID:
11010917
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC92343
Free PMC Article
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