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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000 Oct;66(10):4300-4.

Cloning, expression, and characterization of the katG gene, encoding catalase-peroxidase, from the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium Mycobacterium sp. strain PYR-1.

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  • 1Microbiology Division, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, Arkansas 72079, USA.


A 81-kDa protein from Mycobacterium sp. strain PYR-1 was expressed in response to exposure of the strain to the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon pyrene and recovered by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The N-terminal sequence of the protein indicated that it was similar to catalase-peroxidase. An oligonucleotide probe designed from this sequence was used to screen a genomic library of Mycobacterium sp. strain PYR-1, and a positive clone, containing a part of the gene encoding the 81-kDa protein, was isolated. A gene-walking technique was used to sequence the entire gene, which was identified as katG for catalase-peroxidase. The deduced KatG protein sequence showed significant homology to KatGII of Mycobacterium fortuitum and clustered with catalase-peroxidase proteins from other Mycobacterium species in a phylogenetic tree. The katG gene was expressed in Escherichia coli to produce a protein with catalase-peroxidase activity. Since the induction of this catalase-peroxidase occurred in pyrene-induced cultures and the exposure of these cultures to hydrogen peroxide reduced pyrene metabolism, our data suggest that this enzyme plays a role in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolism by strain PYR-1.

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