Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem Pharmacol. 2000 Oct 15;60(8):1171-8.

Signaling angiogenesis via p42/p44 MAP kinase and hypoxia.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Signaling, Developmental Biology, and Cancer Research, CNRS UMR 6543, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, 06189 Nice, France.


Angiogenesis is associated with a number of pathological situations. In this study, we have focused our attention on the role of p42/p44 MAP (mitogen-activated protein) kinases and hypoxia in the control of angiogenesis. We demonstrate that p42/p44 MAP kinases play a pivotal role in angiogenesis by exerting a determinant action at three levels: i) persistent activation of p42/p44 MAP kinases abrogates apoptosis; ii) p42/p44 MAP kinase activity is critical for controlling proliferation and growth arrest of confluent endothelial cells; and iii) p42/p44 MAP kinases promote VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) expression by activating its transcription via recruitment of the AP-2/Sp1 (activator protein-2) complex on the proximal region (-88/-66) of the VEGF promoter and by direct phosphorylation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha). HIF-1 alpha plays a crucial role in the control of HIF-1 activity, which mediates hypoxia-induced VEGF expression. We show that oxygen-regulated HIF-1 alpha protein levels are not affected by intracellular localization (nucleus versus cytoplasm). Finally, we propose a model which suggests an autoregulatory feedback mechanism controlling HIF-1 alpha and therefore HIF-1-dependent gene expression.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk