Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Perit Dial Int. 2000 Jul-Aug;20(4):439-44.

Residual renal function in a large cohort of peritoneal dialysis patients: change over time, impact on mortality and nutrition.

Author information

  • 1Division of Renal Diseases, Rhode Island/Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, USA. dshemin@lifespan.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Residual renal function contributes importantly to total solute clearance in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This study was designed to examine the progression of residual renal function over time and its impact on nutrition and mortality in PD patients in the six New England states (ME, NH, VT, CT, MA, RI) comprising End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Network 1.

DESIGN:

As part of the ESRD Clinical Indicators Project, data on 990 PD patients in Network 1 were abstracted from data supplied by dialysis units in the fourth quarter of 1997. This included demographic information; dose of PD in L/day; weekly renal, dialysis, and total Kt/V urea; weekly renal, dialysis, and total creatinine clearance (CCr); serum albumin level; and mortality and transplantation information. Data collection was repeated in the second and fourth quarters of 1998 and in the second quarter of 1999.

PATIENTS:

990 PD patients in Network 1.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

The change in total and renal solute clearances over time, the relationship between renal clearance and mortality, and the relationship between renal clearance and nutritional status, as represented by serum albumin.

RESULTS:

Over the 2-year period, mean weekly renal Kt/V urea and weekly renal CCr dropped significantly. To examine the effect of residual renal function on mortality, patients were divided into high and low (above and below the median) weekly renal Kt/V urea and weekly renal CCr groups. Patients above the median levels of both weekly renal Kt/V urea and weekly renal CCr had a significantly decreased risk of dying during the observation period, after controlling for age, gender, serum albumin level, and diabetic status [OR for high vs low renal Kt/V urea 0.54 (CI 0.34 - 0.84), OR for high vs low renal CCr 0.61 (CI 0.40 - 0.94)]. The mean weekly renal Kt/V urea was significantly and directly correlated with the mean serum albumin level by Spearman rank correlation (R = 0.133, p < 0.001), as was the mean weekly renal CCr (R = 0.115, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Residual renal function is an important contributor to total solute clearance in PD patients. Even at low levels it is linked to decreased mortality and better nutritional status.

Comment in

PMID:
11007376
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk