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Am J Surg. 2000 Jun;179(6):436-40.

Intermittent and continuous ceftazidime infusion for critically ill trauma patients.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The adequacy of intermittent and continuous infusion ceftazidime for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia in critically ill trauma patients was assessed by analyzing ceftazidime pharmacokinetics in relation to the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and treatment outcome.

METHODS:

Serial blood samples were obtained during ceftazidime therapy in 31 trauma patients. Ceftazidime pharmacokinetics were compared with that of previously studied healthy volunteers. Ceftazidime pharmacokinetics were analyzed according to the time above the MIC and treatment outcome.

RESULTS:

Critically ill trauma patients had a significantly increased volume of distribution and clearance (0.32 +/- 0.14 L/kg and 2.35 +/- 0.89 mL. min(-1). kg(-1), respectively) compared with healthy volunteers (0.21 +/- 0.03 and 1.58 +/- 0.23 mL. min(-1). kg(-1)). The time above the MIC was >/=92% of the dosing interval for all patients and treatment outcomes were similar between the two treatment groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Ceftazidime pharmacokinetics are significantly altered in critically ill trauma patients. Both intermittent and continuous ceftazidime regimens were equally effective for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia caused by less virulent bacteria.

PMID:
11004326
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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