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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2000 Oct;11(10):1791-7.

Effect of luminal atrial natriuretic peptide on chloride reabsorption in mouse cortical thick ascending limb: inhibition by endothelin.

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  • Department of Cellular Biology, CEA-Saclay, Gif sur Yvette, France. teboul@dsvidf.cea.fr


Insofar as neutral endopeptidase inhibition has afforded evidence for a tubular luminal action of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), the present study was undertaken to investigate a possible effect of the peptide on chloride reabsorption (JCl) in thick ascending limb (TAL). Luminal addition of ANP to in vitro microperfused cortical TAL (CTAL) significantly decreased JCl with a threshold and a maximum concentration of 10(-12) M and 10(-9) M, respectively. A similar effect of 10(-9) M ANP was observed in medullary TAL (MTAL). The effect of luminal ANP was significantly reduced by HS-142-1, a specific inhibitor of guanylyl cyclase receptor, and by H-8, a protein kinase G inhibitor, but was not affected by the protein kinase C inhibitor bisindolylmaleimide I. Unexpectedly, the effect of ANP was not additive with that of endothelin (ET), a peptide that was previously shown to decrease JCl in TAL through a calcium-independent, protein kinase C-mediated pathway. Indeed, ET-1 (10(-8) M in the lumen) significantly decreased JCl and prevented a further effect of ANP on the same tubule. Similarly, the decrease of JCl induced by simultaneous addition of ET and ANP was not higher than that obtained with each agent alone. Conversely, the inhibitory effect of ANP was enhanced in the presence of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP; 10(-6) M in the lumen). ET-1 significantly attenuated the ANP-stimulated generation of cGMP in microdissected CTAL and failed to prevent a further decrease of JCl promoted by a permeant cGMP analogue. It is concluded that luminal ANP decreased Cl reabsorption in mouse CTAL and MTAL. This effect was abrogated by ET-1 as a result of the inhibition of ANP-stimulated cGMP generation.

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