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J Biol Chem. 2000 Dec 15;275(50):39734-40.

Fusarium oxysporum fatty-acid subterminal hydroxylase (CYP505) is a membrane-bound eukaryotic counterpart of Bacillus megaterium cytochrome P450BM3.

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  • 1Institute of Applied Biochemistry, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan.

Abstract

The gene of a fatty-acid hydroxylase of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum (P450foxy) was cloned and expressed in yeast. The putative primary structure revealed the close relationship of P450foxy to the bacterial cytochrome P450BM3, a fused protein of cytochrome P450 and its reductase from Bacillus megaterium. The amino acid sequence identities of the P450 and P450 reductase domains of P450foxy were highest (40.6 and 35.3%, respectively) to the corresponding domains of P450BM3. Recombinant P450foxy expressed in yeast was catalytically and spectrally indistinguishable from the native protein, except most of the recombinant P450foxy was recovered in the soluble fraction of the yeast cells, in marked contrast to native P450foxy, which was exclusively recovered in the membrane fraction of the fungal cells. This difference implies that a post (or co)-translational mechanism functions in the fungal cells to target and bind the protein to the membrane. These results provide conclusive evidence that P450foxy is the eukaryotic counterpart of bacterial P450BM3, which evokes interest in the evolutionary aspects concerning the P450 superfamily along with its reducing systems. P450foxy was classified in the new family, CYP505.

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