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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Sep;279(3):H889-900.

Aging-associated changes in whole cell K(+) and L-type Ca(2+) currents in rat ventricular myocytes.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA. LiuShi@exchange.uams.edu

Abstract

The effect of aging on cardiac membrane currents remains unclear. This study examined the inward rectifier K(+) current (I(K1)), the transient outward K(+) current (I(to)), and the L-type Ca(2+) channel current (I(Ca,L)) in ventricular myocytes isolated from young adult (6 mo) and aged (>27 mo) Fischer 344 rats using whole cell patch-clamp techniques. Along with an increase in the cell size and membrane capacitance, aged myocytes had the same magnitude of peak I(K1) with a greater slope conductance but displayed smaller steady-state I(K1). Aged myocytes also had a greater I(to) with an increased rate of activation, but the I(to) inactivation kinetics, steady-state inactivation, and responsiveness to L-phenylephrine, an alpha(1)-adrenergic agonist, were unaltered. The magnitude of peak I(Ca,L) in aged myocytes was decreased and accompanied by a slower inactivation, but the I(Ca,L) steady-state inactivation was unaltered. Action potential duration in aged myocytes was prolonged only at 90% of full repolarization (APD(90)) when compared with the action potential duration of young adult myocytes. Aged myocytes from Long-Evans rats showed similar changes in I(to) and I(Ca,L) but an increased I(K1). These results demonstrate aging-associated changes in action potential, in morphology, and in I(K1), I(to), and I(Ca,L) of rat ventricular myocytes that possibly contribute to the decreased cardiac function of aged hearts.

PMID:
10993747
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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