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Phys Rev Lett. 2000 May 29;84(22):5094-7.

Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency

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  • 1Sektion Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen, Theresienstrasse 37, D-80333 Munchen, Germany.


We identify form-stable coupled excitations of light and matter ("dark-state polaritons") associated with the propagation of quantum fields in electromagnetically induced transparency. The properties of dark-state polaritons such as the group velocity are determined by the mixing angle between light and matter components and can be controlled by an external coherent field as the pulse propagates. In particular, light pulses can be decelerated and "trapped" in which case their shape and quantum state are mapped onto metastable collective states of matter. Possible applications of this reversible coherent-control technique are discussed.

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