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Phys Rev Lett. 2000 May 1;84(18):4228-31.

High-field franz-keldysh effect and exciton ionization in semiconductor quantum wires

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  • 1Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH, United Kingdom.


We investigate the Franz-Keldysh effect and exciton ionization in semiconductor quantum wires. Absorption spectra are calculated near the band gap by solution of the low-density semiconductor Bloch equations in real space. The Sommerfeld factor and field-induced tunnel ionization of the exciton significantly affect the continuum portion of the absorption spectrum and remove the well known divergence problem associated with the 1D density of states at all field strengths. For reasonable electric field strengths substantial and tunable absorption oscillations appear above the band gap. Moreover, for very large fields, transparency can be achieved in the continuum for certain spectral positions.

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