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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Sep;162(3 Pt 1):1000-3.

CC chemokine receptor gene polymorphisms in Czech patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis.

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  • 1Departments of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine, PalackýUniversity, Olomouc, Czech Republic. petrekm@fnol.cz


Genes for the chemokine receptors CCR5 and CCR2 are characterized by polymorphisms resulting in a nonfunctional receptor expression. Ligands for CCR2 and CCR5 (chemokines monocyte chemotactic protein-1 [MCP-1] and RANTES) are implicated in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. We have, therefore, analyzed polymorphisms of CCR5 (32-bp deletion in CCR5 gene [Delta32]) and of CCR2 (replacement of valine by isoleucine in CCR2 gene [64I]) in 66 Czech patients with sarcoidosis in comparison with a representative sample of Czech normal population. The frequencies of CCR5Delta32 and CCR2-64I polymorphisms in patients with sarcoidosis were different from that in control subjects. CCR5Delta32 allelic frequency was significantly increased in patients. By contrast, the CCR2-64I allele was more frequent in control subjects; however, the difference did not attain significance. Interestingly, the CCR5Delta32 allele was associated with clinically more apparent disease: it was present in 39.1% of patients requiring corticosteroids but only in 16.7% patients who did not need therapeutic intervention (odds ratio [OR] = 2.9). When patients requiring corticosteroids were compared with control subjects, the differences in the CCR5Delta32 frequencies were enhanced (p < 0.01). In conclusion, the observed association of CCR5Delta32 and CCR2-64I with sarcoidosis implicates a role for these polymorphisms in disease susceptibility and protection.

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