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Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Sep 15;28(18):3535-41.

Covalent attachment of oligodeoxyribonucleotides to amine-modified Si (001) surfaces.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, 1101 University Avenue, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1396, USA.


A recently described reaction for the UV-mediated attachment of alkenes to silicon surfaces is utilized as the basis for the preparation of functionalized silicon surfaces. UV light mediates the reaction of t-butyloxycarbonyl (t-BOC) protected omega-unsaturated aminoalkane (10-aminodec-1-ene) with hydrogen-terminated silicon (001). Removal of the t-BOC protecting group yields an aminodecane-modified silicon surface. The resultant amino groups can be coupled to thiol-modified oligodeoxyribonucleotides using a heterobifunctional crosslinker, permitting the preparation of DNA arrays. Two methods for controlling the surface density of oligodeoxyribonucleotides were explored: in the first, binary mixtures of 10-aminodec-1-ene and dodecene were utilized in the initial UV-mediated coupling reaction; a linear relationship was found between the mole fraction of aminodecene and the density of DNA hybridization sites. In the second, only a portion of the t-BOC protecting groups was removed from the surface by limiting the time allowed for the deprotection reaction. The oligodeoxyribonucleotide-modified surfaces were extremely stable and performed well in DNA hybridization assays. These surfaces provide an alternative to gold or glass for surface immobilization of oligonucleotides in DNA arrays as well as a route for the coupling of nucleic acid biomolecular recognition elements to semiconductor materials.

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