Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Physiol. 2000 Sep;124(1):125-33.

Expression of arabidopsis CAX2 in tobacco. Altered metal accumulation and increased manganese tolerance.

Author information

  • 1Baylor College of Medicine, Plant Physiology Group, United States Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research Service Children's Nutrition Research Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


Metal transport from the cytosol to the vacuole is thought to be an important component of ion tolerance and of a plant's potential for use in phytoremediation. The Arabidopsis antiporter CAX2 (calcium exchanger 2) may be a key mediator of this process. CAX2 expression in yeast suppressed both Ca(2+) and Mn(2+) growth defects. A peptide-specific antibody to the antiporter reacted with a 39-kD protein from plant vacuolar membranes. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants expressing CAX2 accumulated more Ca(2+), Cd(2+), and Mn(2+) and were more tolerant to elevated Mn(2+) levels. Expression of CAX2 in tobacco increased Cd(2+) and Mn(2+) transport in isolated root tonoplast vesicles. These results suggest that CAX2 has a broad substrate range and modulation of this transporter may be an important component of future strategies to improve plant ion tolerance.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk