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Am J Pathol. 2000 Sep;157(3):787-94.

High-throughput tissue microarray analysis of cyclin E gene amplification and overexpression in urinary bladder cancer.

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  • 1Institute for Pathology and Urologic Clinics, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

Studies by comparative genomic hybridization revealed that the 19q13 chromosomal region is frequently amplified in bladder cancer. The cyclin E gene (CCNE), coding for a regulatory subunit of cyclin-dependent kinase 2, has been mapped to 19q13. To investigate the role of cyclin E alterations in bladder cancer, a tissue microarray of 2,317 specimens from 1,842 bladder cancer patients was constructed and analyzed for CCNE amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization and for cyclin-E protein overexpression by immunohistochemistry. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis showed amplification in only 30 of the 1,561 evaluable tumors (1.9%). Amplification was significantly associated with stage and grade (P: < 0.0005 each). Immunohistochemically detectable cyclin E expression was strong in 233 (12.4%), weak in 354 (18.9%), and negative in 1, 286 of the 1,873 interpretable tumors. The majority (62.1%) of CCNE-amplified tumors were strongly immunohistochemistry-positive (P: < 0.0001). The frequency of protein expression increased from stage pTa (22.2%) to pT1 (45.5%; P: < 0.0001) but then decreased for stage pT2-4 (29.4%; P: < 0.0001 for pT1 versus pT2-4). Low cyclin E expression was associated with poor overall survival in all patients (P: < 0.0001), but had no prognostic impact independent of stage. It is concluded that cyclin E overexpression is characteristic to a subset of bladder carcinomas, especially at the stage of early invasion. This analysis of the prognostic impact of CCNE gene amplification and protein expression in >1,500 arrayed bladder cancers was accomplished in a period of 2 weeks, illustrating how the tissue microarray technology remarkably facilitates the evaluation of the clinical relevance of molecular alterations in cancer.

PMID:
10980118
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1885698
Free PMC Article

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