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Echocardiography. 2000 Jul;17(5):465-77.

Diagnostic and prognostic use of stress echocardiography in stable patients.

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  • 1Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.


Stress echocardiography is an effective diagnostic and prognostic technique in stable patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial infarction, or chronic left ventricular dysfunction and those undergoing noncardiac surgery. Stress echocardiography is sensitive and specific for the detection and extent of CAD. Negative tests confer a high negative predictive value for cardiac events regardless of the clinical risk. Positive studies confer a high positive predictive value for ischemic events in patients with intermediate to high clinical risk. Stress echocardiography provides incremental prognostic information relative to clinical, resting echocardiographic, and angiographic data. Meta-analysis studies have shown that the diagnostic and prognostic information provided by stress echocardiography is comparable to that from radionuclide scintigraphic stress tests. Stress echocardiography may be more specific for the detection and extent of CAD, whereas radionuclide scintigraphy may be more sensitive for one-vessel disease. Sensitivities are similar for the detection and extent of disease in patients with multivessel CAD.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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