Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Exp Med. 2000 Sep 4;192(5):705-18.

Macrophage inflammatory protein 3alpha is expressed at inflamed epithelial surfaces and is the most potent chemokine known in attracting Langerhans cell precursors.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory for Immunological Research, Schering-Plough, 69571 Dardilly, France.


Dendritic cells (DCs) form a network comprising different populations that initiate and differentially regulate immune responses. Langerhans cells (LCs) represent a unique population of DCs colonizing epithelium, and we present here observations suggesting that macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3alpha plays a central role in LC precursor recruitment into the epithelium during inflammation. (a) Among DC populations, MIP-3alpha was the most potent chemokine inducing the selective migration of in vitro-generated CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitor cell-derived LC precursors and skin LCs in accordance with the restricted MIP-3alpha receptor (CC chemokine receptor 6) expression to these cells. (b) MIP-3alpha was mainly produced by epithelial cells, and the migration of LC precursors induced by the supernatant of activated skin keratinocytes was completely blocked with an antibody against MIP-3alpha. (c) In vivo, MIP-3alpha was selectively produced at sites of inflammation as illustrated in tonsils and lesional psoriatic skin where MIP-3alpha upregulation appeared associated with an increase in LC turnover. (d) Finally, the secretion of MIP-3alpha was strongly upregulated by cells of epithelial origin after inflammatory stimuli (interleukin 1beta plus tumor necrosis factor alpha) or T cell signals. Results of this study suggest a major role of MIP-3alpha in epithelial colonization by LCs under inflammatory conditions and immune disorders, and might open new ways to control epithelial immunity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk