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Ann Endocrinol (Paris). 2000 Sep;61(3):269-74.

[MRI diagnosis of cavernous sinus invasion by pituitary adenomas].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Service de Neuroradiologie, CHU Bretonneau, Tours.


Several MRI signs are helpful for the preoperative MRI diagnosis of cavernous sinus invasion by an adenoma. The first step is to analyse the percentage of encasement of the intracavernous ICA by the adenoma. If this percentage is greater than or equal to 66%, the cavernous sinus is invaded. If the percentage of encasement of intracavernous CA is less than 25%, the cavernous sinus is not invaded. If the percentage of encasement is between 25 and 66%, the analysis of the cavernous venous compartment, the drawing of intercarotid lines and the analysis of the shape and venous compartments of the cavernous sinus are necessary. The cavernous sinus invasion remains very likely if the carotid sulcus venous compartment is obliterated, or if the lateral intercarotid line is crossed. Conversely, if the median intercarotid line is uncrossed, the superior venous compartment is visible, the cavernous sinus is of normal size, or there is no bulging of its lateral dural wall, invasion of the cavernous sinus space can reliably be excluded.

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