Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Toxicol Sci. 2000 Sep;57(1):177-85.

Bile acids affect liver mitochondrial bioenergetics: possible relevance for cholestasis therapy.

Author information

  • 1Center for Neurosciences and Cell Biology of Coimbra, Department of Zoology, University of Coimbra, 3004-517 Coimbra, Portugal.


It has been pointed out that intracellular accumulation of bile acids cause hepatocyte injury in cholestatic disease process. This study was aimed to test if cytotoxicity of these compounds is mediated through mitochondria dysfunction. Bile acids effects on isolated rat liver mitochondrial were analyzed by monitoring changes in membrane potential and mitochondrial respiration, as well as alterations in H(+) membrane permeability and mitochondrial permeability transition pore induction. Increasing concentrations of the bile acids litocholic (LCA), deoxycholic (DCA), ursodeoxycholic (UDCA), chenodeoxycholic (CDCA), glycochenodeoxycholic (GCDC), or taurochenodeoxycholic (TCDC) decrease transmembrane potential (delta psi) developed upon succinate energization. These compounds also decreased state 3 respiration and enhanced state 4. We have also demonstrated that the observed concentration-dependent stimulation of state 4 by LCA, DCA, CDCA, TCDC, and GCDC, is associated with an enhanced permeability of mitochondria to H(+). Addition of LCA, DCA, CDCA, TCDC, GCDC, and UDCA to mitochondria energized with succinate resulted in a dose-dependent membrane depolarization and stimulation of mitochondrial permeability transition. Tauroursodeoxycholate (TUDC) elicited no significant effect on succinate-supported mitochondrial bioenergetics. In contrast, in the presence of glycoursodeoxycholic (GUDC), delta psi increases as a function of bile salt concentration. The results of this investigation demonstrate that at toxicologically relevant concentrations, most but not all bile acids alter mitochondrial bioenergetics, so impairment of mitochondrial function can be clinically relevant for patients with cholestasis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk