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Eur J Clin Invest. 2000 Aug;30(8):702-8.

A beta-turn rich oats peptide as an antigen in an ELISA method for the screening of coeliac disease in a paediatric population.

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  • 1Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

ELISA methods for the measurement of IgA antigliadin antibodies (AGA), both home-made and commercial systems, routinely employ wheat gliadin fractions as coating antigens. We investigate the sensitivity and specificity for CD diagnosis of a new ELISA method using a highly immunoreactive beta-turn rich gamma3-avenin peptide as an alternative coating antigen.

METHODS:

The assay was standardized with antihuman IgA peroxidase-conjugated as the second antibody. Alternatively, an ELISA based on the use of protein A-peroxidase was assayed to measure both IgG plus IgA antibodies. Sixty-three sera from healthy controls were analyzed to establish the system's cut-off point. Sera from 103 coeliac and from 65 noncoeliac children were tested; for diagnosis purposes, a small intestinal biopsy had been performed in all of them.

RESULTS:

For the IgA class antibodies assay a high sensitivity and specificity of 90.3% and 98.5%, respectively, was obtained, comparable to those achieved for IgA antiendomysium antibodies (EmA) with the same sera.

CONCLUSIONS:

In view of the high sensitivity and specificity obtained together with water solubility of the peptide and easiness for large-scale reproducible synthesis, the new AGA IgA avenin peptide ELISA represents a significant improvement in CD diagnosis in comparison with conventional established AGA IgA ELISA using crude gliadins as coating antigens.

PMID:
10964162
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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