Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2000 Nov 17;275(46):35778-85.

Effect of extracellular signal-regulated kinase on p53 accumulation in response to cisplatin.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160-7232, USA. dpersons@kumc.edu

Abstract

The p53 tumor suppressor protein is a transcription factor that plays a major role in the DNA damage response. After DNA damage, p53 levels increase due primarily to stabilization of the protein. The molecular mechanisms leading to stabilization of p53 after DNA damage have not been completely elucidated. Recently we reported that cisplatin treatment activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and that inhibition of ERK1/2 resulted in enhanced sensitivity to cisplatin. In the present study, we examined the potential role of ERK1/2 activation in regulation of the p53 response to cisplatin. In the ovarian carcinoma cell line A2780, inhibition of ERK1/2 activation with the mitogen-activated protein kinase/ERK kinase 1 (MEK1) inhibitor PD98059 resulted in decreased p53 protein half-life and diminished accumulation of p53 protein during exposure to cisplatin. We also demonstrated that p53 protein co-immunoprecipitated with ERK1/2 protein and was phosphorylated by activated recombinant murine ERK2 in vitro. Furthermore, PD98059 decreased the phosphorylation of p53 at serine 15 during cisplatin exposure, suggesting that ERK1/2 mediates in part phosphorylation of p53 during the cisplatin DNA response. These results strongly suggest that cisplatin-induced ERK activation is an up-stream regulator of the p53 response to DNA damage caused by cisplatin.

PMID:
10958792
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk