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Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Sep;20(18):6779-98.

Both src-dependent and -independent mechanisms mediate phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulation of colony-stimulating factor 1-activated mitogen-activated protein kinases in myeloid progenitors.

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  • 1Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University Medical School, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. lee@biochem.wustl.edu


Colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) supports the proliferation, survival, and differentiation of bone marrow-derived cells of the monocytic lineage. In the myeloid progenitor 32D cell line expressing CSF-1 receptor (CSF-1R), CSF-1 activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway is both Ras and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) dependent. PI3-kinase inhibition did not influence events leading to Ras activation. Using the activity of the PI3-kinase effector, Akt, as readout, studies with dominant-negative and oncogenic Ras failed to place PI3-kinase downstream of Ras. Thus, PI3-kinase appears to act in parallel to Ras. PI3-kinase inhibitors enhanced CSF-1-stimulated A-Raf and c-Raf-1 activities, and dominant-negative A-Raf but not dominant-negative c-Raf-1 reduced CSF-1-provoked ERK activation, suggesting that A-Raf mediates a part of the stimulatory signal from Ras to MEK/ERK, acting in parallel to PI3-kinase. Unexpectedly, a CSF-1R lacking the PI3-kinase binding site (DeltaKI) remained capable of activating MEK/ERK in a PI3-kinase-dependent manner. To determine if Src family kinases (SFKs) are involved, we demonstrated that CSF-1 activated Fyn and Lyn in cells expressing wild-type (WT) or DeltaKI receptors. Moreover, CSF-1-induced Akt activity in cells expressing DeltaKI is SFK dependent since Akt activation was prevented by pharmacological or genetic inhibition of SFK activity. The docking protein Gab2 may link SFK to PI3-kinase. CSF-1 induced Gab2 tyrosyl phosphorylation and association with PI3-kinase in cells expressing WT or DeltaKI receptors. However, only in DeltaKI cells are these events prevented by PP1. Thus in myeloid progenitors, CSF-1 can activate the PI3-kinase/Akt pathway by at least two mechanisms, one involving direct receptor binding and one involving SFKs.

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