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J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2000 Apr;28(2):123-7.

The long styloid process syndrome or Eagle's syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Maxillo-Facial Surgery, University of Rome, La Sapienza, Italy.


Eleven cases of Eagle's syndrome or long styloid process syndrome are presented. It is a rare entity, which is not commonly suspected in clinical practice. Symptoms were dull and persistent pharyngeal pain, dysphagia, and facial pain. In addition to careful clinical examination, the use of plain radiographs, orthopantomograms or CT scan has allowed accurate preoperative diagnosis of this syndrome. Surgical treatment has positively resolved the symptoms in these cases. The International literature is discussed regarding anatomy, symptoms and treatment of the long styloid process syndrome.

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