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Jpn Circ J. 2000 Aug;64(8):579-82.

Efficacy of atrioventricular sequential pacing and diastolic mitral regurgitation in patients with intrinsic atrioventricular conduction.

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.


The efficacy of a short atrioventricular (AV) delay in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy has been reported, but there are deleterious effects of right ventricular pacing. Diastolic mitral regurgitation (MR) is observed in patients with elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and can be induced by prolonging the AV delay in patients with DDD pacemakers. The critical PQ interval that induces diastolic MR may represent the upper limit of the optimal PQ interval. The efficacy of AV sequential pacing and diastolic MR were studied in 11 patients (68.3+/-13.7 (SD) years old) with intrinsic AV conduction and with implanted DDD pacemakers. Cardiac output (CO) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) were measured by Swan-Ganz catheter and transmitral flow was recorded by pulsed Doppler echocardiography. AV delay was prolonged stepwise by 25 ms starting from 65 ms. Pacing rate was fixed at 70-80 beats/min. In 6 of the 11 patients, diastolic MR was observed under atrial pacing and the critical PQ interval for the appearance of diastolic MR was 0.22+/-0.04 s. CO was increased from 3.8+/-0.8 to 4.3+/-0.9 L/min (p<0.05) and PCWP was decreased from 7.5+/-2.8 to 5.5+/-1.6 mmHg (p<0.05) by shortening the AV delay till the diastolic MR disappeared. On the other hand, in 5 of the 11 patients, diastolic MR was not observed, and CO (4.2+/-0.5 to 4.3+/-0.5L/min, ns) and PCWP (5.8+/-4.6 to 5.4+/-3.9 mmHg, ns) were not improved by AV sequential pacing. In conclusion, cardiac function may be improved by AV sequential pacing and setting the AV delay under the critical PQ interval for the appearance of diastolic MR when the diastolic MR is observed. However, AV sequential pacing may be either ineffective or even deleterious for patients in whom diastolic MR is not observed.

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