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J Biol Chem. 2000 Oct 27;275(43):33920-8.

Regulation of integrin alpha vbeta 3-mediated endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis by integrin alpha5beta1 and protein kinase A.

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  • 1Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0912, USA.


Recent studies indicate that angiogenesis depends, in part, on ligation of integrin alpha(5)beta(1) by fibronectin. Evidence is now provided that integrin alpha(5)beta(1) regulates the function of integrin alpha(v)beta(3) on endothelial cells during their migration in vitro or angiogenesis in vivo. Secretion of fibronectin by endothelial cells leads to the ligation of integrin alpha(5)beta(1), which potentiates alpha(v)beta(3)-mediated migration on vitronectin without influencing alpha(v)beta(3)-mediated cell adhesion. Endothelial cell attachment to vitronectin suppresses protein kinase A (PKA) activity, while addition of soluble anti-alpha(5)beta(1) restores this activity. Moreover, agents that activate intracellular PKA, such as forskolin, dibutyryl cAMP or alpha(5)beta(1) antagonists, suppress endothelial cell migration on vitronectin in vitro or angiogenesis in vivo. In contrast, inhibitors of PKA reverse the anti-migratory or anti-angiogenic effects mediated by alpha(5)beta(1) antagonists. Therefore, alpha(v)beta(3)-mediated endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis can be regulated by PKA activity, which depends on the ligation state of integrin alpha(5)beta(1).

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