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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Aug 15;97(17):9413-8.

The crystal structure of D-lactate dehydrogenase, a peripheral membrane respiratory enzyme.

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  • 1Department of Energy Laboratory of Structural Biology and Molecular Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, USA.

Abstract

d-Lactate dehydrogenase (d-LDH) of Escherichia coli is a peripheral membrane respiratory enzyme involved in electron transfer, located on the cytoplasmic side of the inner membrane. d-LDH catalyzes the oxidation of d-lactate to pyruvate, which is coupled to transmembrane transport of amino acids and sugars. Here we describe the crystal structure at 1.9 A resolution of the three domains of d-LDH: the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-binding domain, the cap domain, and the membrane-binding domain. The FAD-binding domain contains the site of d-lactate reduction by a noncovalently bound FAD cofactor and has an overall fold similar to other members of a recently discovered FAD-containing family of proteins. This structural similarity extends to the cap domain as well. The most prominent difference between d-LDH and the other members of the FAD-containing family is the membrane-binding domain, which is either absent in some of these proteins or differs significantly. The d-LDH membrane-binding domain presents an electropositive surface with six Arg and five Lys residues, which presumably interacts with the negatively charged phospholipid head groups of the membrane. Thus, d-LDH appears to bind the membrane through electrostatic rather than hydrophobic forces.

PMID:
10944213
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC16878
Free PMC Article
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