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Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2000 Aug;16(2):253-62.

Molecular phylogeny of parasitic zygomycota (Dimargaritales, zoopagales) based on nuclear small subunit ribosomal DNA sequences.

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  • 1Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113, Japan.


We analyzed sequence data of the 18S rDNA gene from representatives of nine mycoparasitic or zooparasitic genera to infer the phylogenetic relationships of these fungi within the Zygomycota. Phylogenetic analyses identified a novel monophyletic clade consisting of the Zoopagales, Kickxellales, Spiromyces, and Harpellales. Analyses also identified a monophyletic mycoparasitic-zooparasitic Zoopagales clade in which Syncephalis, Thamnocephalis, and Rhopalomyces form a sister group to a Piptocephalis-Kuzuhaea clade. Although monophyly of the mycoparasitic Dimargaritales received strong bootstrap and decay index support, phylogenetic relationships of this order could not be resolved because of the unusually high rate of base substitutions within the 18S rDNA gene. Overall, the 18S gene tree topology is weak, as reflected by low bootstrap and decay index support for virtually all internal nodes uniting ordinal and superordinal taxa. Nevertheless, the 18S rDNA phylogeny is mostly consistent with traditional phenotypic-based classification schemes of the Fungi.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

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