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J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000 Sep;54(9):692-6.

Changes in cardiovascular risk factors in different socioeconomic groups: seven year trends in a Chinese urban population.

Author information

  • 1Department of Public Health and General Practice, University of Kuopio, PO Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland. zyu@messi.uku.fi

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To analyse trends in socioeconomic differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors among an urban Chinese population using educational attainment as the socioeconomic indicator.

DESIGN:

Population surveys with randomly selected independent samples were carried out in 1989 and in 1996. Educational attainment, blood pressure, body mass index, cigarette smoking and lack of leisure time physical activity were determined.

SETTING:

Urban areas of the city of Tianjin, China.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 14 275 respondents aged 25-64 years.

MAIN RESULTS:

Diastolic blood pressure increased and the proportion of people without leisure time physical activity decreased in both sexes during the study period. The prevalence of smoking and the number of cigarettes smoked daily increased significantly among men. Smoking decreased in the least educated men and increased in those who had studied at least to college level. Body mass index decreased across all educational strata in women, but blood pressure increased in women with at least college level education.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data reveal a different picture in trends in the association of education and cardiovascular risk factors from those depicted in developed countries. This highlights the need for an effective intervention programme in the study population.

PMID:
10942449
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1731753
Free PMC Article
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