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J Biol Chem. 2000 Oct 20;275(42):33059-67.

Central leptin regulates the UCP1 and ob genes in brown and white adipose tissue via different beta-adrenoceptor subtypes.

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  • 1Departments of Medicine and Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA.


The three known subtypes of beta-adrenoreceptors (beta(1)-AR, beta(2)-AR, and beta(3)-AR) are differentially expressed in brown and white adipose tissue and mediate peripheral responses to central modulation of sympathetic outflow by leptin. To assess the relative roles of the beta-AR subtypes in mediating leptin's effects on adipocyte gene expression, mice with a targeted disruption of the beta(3)-adrenoreceptor gene (beta(3)-AR KO) were treated with vehicle or the beta(1)/beta(2)-AR selective antagonist, propranolol (20 microgram/g body weight/day) prior to intracerebroventricular (ICV) injections of leptin (0.1 microgram/g body weight/day). Leptin produced a 3-fold increase in UCP1 mRNA in brown adipose tissue of wild type (FVB/NJ) and beta(3)-AR KO mice. The response was unaltered by propranolol in wild type mice, but was completely blocked by this antagonist in beta(3)-AR KO mice. In contrast, ICV leptin had no effect on leptin mRNA in either epididymal or retroperitoneal white adipose tissue (WAT) from beta(3)-AR KOs. Moreover, propranolol did not block the ability of exogenous leptin to reduce leptin mRNA in either WAT depot site of wild type mice. These results demonstrate that the beta(3)-AR is required for leptin-mediated regulation of ob mRNA expression in WAT, but is interchangeable with the beta(1)/beta(2)-ARs in mediating leptin's effect on UCP1 mRNA expression in brown adipose tissue.

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