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J Clin Psychiatry. 2000 Jul;61(7):514-7.

Olanzapine augmentation for treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford Medical Center, Calif, USA.



Adding the atypical neuroleptic risperidone to a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) has benefited patients with treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Since olanzapine and risperidone have similar serotonergic and dopaminergic receptor binding profiles, we tested the hypothesis that olanzapine augmentation would be beneficial in treatment-unresponsive OCD.


For this 8-week trial, we recruited 10 adult OCD patients (DSM-IV criteria) unresponsive to fluoxetine (> or =60 mg/day) for > or =10 weeks, which was continued throughout the trial. Other psychotropic medications were discontinued. Subjects had OCD for > or =1 year, a Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) score of > or =18, and no organic, psychotic, or other primary Axis I disorder. Two weeks after olanzapine, 2.5 mg/day, was added, and in the absence of responder status (Y-BOCS score decrease > or =25%) and limiting side effects, we increased the dose to 5 mg/day, and after 2 more weeks, to 10 mg/day for 4 weeks.


The subjects had failed a mean of 3.3 SRI trials (range, 1-5) and had a mean +/- SD baseline Y-BOCS score of 29.0 +/- 4.9. Nine patients completed the trial. The subjects' mean +/- SD endpoint Y-BOCS score was 24.4 +/- 8.0 (a 16% decrease). The 3 responders' Y-BOCS scores dropped 68%, 30%, and 29%, but only 1 patient was rated "much improved." He maintained this improvement during a 6-month follow-up period taking olanzapine, 5 mg/day. Improvement in OCD was independent of improvement in mood symptoms. Six patients (60%) experienced significant weight gain.


Olanzapine augmentation may benefit treatment-unresponsive OCD. Double-blind, placebo-controlled trials are warranted along with trials comparing risperidone and olanzapine augmentation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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