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Matrix Biol. 2000 Jul;19(3):223-33.

A disease-associated glycine substitution in BP180 (type XVII collagen) leads to a local destabilization of the major collagen triple helix.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 53226, USA.

Abstract

BP180 is a homotrimeric transmembrane protein with a carboxy-terminal ectodomain that forms an interrupted collagen triple helix. Null type mutations in the BP180 gene produce a recessive subepidermal blistering disease, non-Herlitz junctional epidermolysis bullosa. Like the null mutations, a glycine substitution (G627V) within the longest BP180 collagenous domain (COL15) is also associated with the recessive skin disease; however, unlike the null mutations, this glycine substitution appears to act in a dominant fashion to give rise to a novel form of random pitting dental enamel hypoplasia. The dominant effects of this mutation were thought to be due to alterations in the assembly and/or stability of this BP180 collagenous region. To further investigate this issue, a structural analysis was performed on recombinant forms of the wild type and G627V mutant BP180 ectodomain. Both proteins were found to form collagen-like triple helices with very similar Stokes radii and melting temperatures and exhibited very similar rates of synthesis, secretion and turn-over. Tryptic digestion analysis revealed that the mutant G627V-sec180e contains an additional highly sensitive proteolytic site that maps within the region of the mutation. Thus, the disease-associated G627V mutation in BP180 does not grossly alter protein structure, but causes a local destabilization of the triple-helix that exposes sensitive residues to the in vitro effects of trypsin and possibly affects its structure-function in vivo.

PMID:
10936447
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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