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Genomics. 2000 Aug 1;67(3):333-42.

Cloning and chromosomal localization of a human class III myosin.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California at Berkeley, 94720, USA. acdose@socrates.berkeley.edu

Abstract

Two class III myosins have been identified to date: NINAC from Drosophila melanogaster and MyoIII(Lim) from Limulus polyphemus. Both have N-terminal kinase domains and are expressed exclusively in photoreceptors. Mutations in NINAC have been shown to alter the photoresponse and compromise photoreceptor survival. We report the cloning and chromosomal localization of a human class III myosin, MYO3A, from retina and a retinal pigment epithelial cell line. Human MYO3A (which we will refer to simply as MYO3A) possesses an N-terminal kinase domain and three consensus calmodulin-binding (IQ) motifs, two in the neck and one in the tail domain. We detected two MYO3A splice variants differing by 52 amino acids near the kinase/myosin junction. On Northern blots, MYO3A probes detected a 6. 5-kb transcript in human and monkey retina, in a cultured human RPE cell line (RPE-19), and at much lower levels in human pancreas. A somatic hybrid panel PCR screen localized MYO3A to human chromosome 10, and a radiation hybrid screen further localized it proximal to marker D10S197, which is located at 10p11.1 on the human cytogenetic map. Since mutations in NINAC have been shown to alter the photoresponse and compromise photoreceptor survival, the human homologue MYO3A may also play a role in photoreceptor function and/or maintenance.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

PMID:
10936054
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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