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Parasitol Res. 2000 Jul;86(7):599-602.

Effect of cytochalasin D on the growth, encystation, and multinucleation of Entamoeba invadens.

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  • 1Department of Tropical Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. makioka@carrot.ocn.ne.jp

Abstract

The effect of cytochalasin D, a specific inhibitor of microfilaments, on the growth, encystation, and multinucleation of Entamoeba invadens was examined. Cytochalasin D blocked the growth of axenic E. invadens strain IP-1 in a dose-dependent manner, which suggests that the drug is effective against this species of Entamoeba as well as against E. histolytica strain HM1: IMSS as previously demonstrated. Encystation of E. invadens as induced in vitro was also inhibited by cytochalasin D. This is the first evidence of the participation of microfilaments in the encystation process. Concentrations of cytochalasin D effective for the inhibition of encystation were lower than those effective for the inhibition of growth. Trophozoites grown with cytochalasin D became multinucleate; more than three nuclei per cell were observed in 71% of trophozoites grown in the presence of the drug as opposed to only 5% of those grown in the absence of the drug. Also, trophozoites grown with cytochalasin D produced multinucleate cysts following their transfer to encystation medium. Encystation with cytochalasin D was more strongly inhibited among trophozoites grown in the presence of the drug than among those grown in the absence of the drug. Also, encystation without cytochalasin D was less frequently observed among trophozoites grown in the presence of the drug than among those grown in the absence of the drug. Thus, the multinucleation of trophozoites induced by cytochalasin D had an inhibitory effect on their encystation.

PMID:
10935912
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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