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Transplantation. 2000 Jul 27;70(2):297-301.

Conversion from azathioprine [correction of azathioprina] to mycophenolate mofetil in pediatric renal transplant recipients with chronic rejection.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chronic rejection is the leading cause of graft failure. Both nonimmunological and immunological mechanisms contribute to this pathology.

METHODS:

We studied changes in kidney function, mixed lymphocyte culture, cell-mediated lympholysis, serum HLA class I antigens, cytotoxic antibodies, and lymphocyte population before and after 6 months of follow-up in 22 pediatric renal transplanted patients. The immunosuppressive protocol used was: cyclosporine, azathioprine, and corticosteroids. Eight patients demonstrated chronic graft rejection (by biopsy), group I; and eight patients had no clinical evidence of chronic and/or acute rejection, group II. Substitution of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) (600 mg/m2 bid for azathioprine was done in patients of groups I and II. Another six patients with chronic rejection, did not receive MMF, group III.

RESULTS:

Creatinine clearance increased in group I (44+/-5 vs. 51.1+/- ml/min/1.73 m2, P<0.03) but it decreased in group III (30+/-3 vs. 25+/-2, P<0.01). Urinary protein excretion decreased only in group I (0.3+/-0.03 to 0.06+/-0.03 g/24 hr, P<0.03). During MMF therapy antidonor mixed lymphocyte culture decreased 62 and 70% (P<0.05) in group I and II. Cell-mediated lympholysis against lymphocyte of the donor decreased 65% (P<0.05) in group I. Cell-mediated lympholysis toward control cells decreased 54% (P<0.01) in group II. Serum HLA class I antigens, only decreased from 0.7+/-0.1 to 0.5+/-0.1 microl/ml, P<0.05, in group I. CD19+ decreased from 7.9+/-1.1 to 5.6+/-0.8%, P<0.05, and 7.8+/-1.2 to 5.5+/-0.9%, P<0.05, in groups I and II, respectively. CD16+ increased from 5.7+/-1.1 to 8.6+/-1.3 (P<0.05) only in group I.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data suggest that substituting MMF for azathioprine therapy leads to an improvement in the immunosuppression and renal function in children with on-going chronic rejection.

PMID:
10933152
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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