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Nat Biotechnol. 2000 Aug;18(8):857-61.

Environmentally safe production of 7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid (7-ADCA) using recombinant strains of Acremonium chrysogenum.

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  • 1Laboratorios de Biotecnología and Bioquímica. Antibióticos S.A., León. Spain.

Abstract

Medically useful semisynthetic cephalosporins are made from 7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid (7-ADCA) or 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7-ACA). Here we describe a new industrially amenable bioprocess for the production of the important intermediate 7-ADCA that can replace the expensive and environmentally unfriendly chemical method classically used. The method is based on the disruption and one-step replacement of the cefEF gene, encoding the bifunctional expandase/hydroxylase activity, of an actual industrial cephalosporin C production strain of Acremonium chrysogenum. Subsequent cloning and expression of the cefE gene from Streptomyces clavuligerus in A. chrysogenum yield recombinant strains producing high titers of deacetoxycephalosporin C (DAOC). Production level of DAOC is nearly equivalent (75-80%) to the total beta-lactams biosynthesized by the parental overproducing strain. DAOC deacylation is carried out by two final enzymatic bioconversions catalyzed by D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) and glutaryl acylase (GLA) yielding 7-ADCA. In contrast to the data reported for recombinant strains of Penicillium chrysogenum expressing ring expansion activity, no detectable contamination with other cephalosporin intermediates occurred.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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