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Mol Biol Cell. 2000 Aug;11(8):2529-42.

Role of p97 and syntaxin 5 in the assembly of transitional endoplasmic reticulum.

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  • 1Département de Pathologie et Biologie Cellulaire, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.


Transitional endoplasmic reticulum (tER) consists of confluent rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER) domains. In a cell-free incubation system, low-density microsomes (1.17 g cc(-1)) isolated from rat liver homogenates reconstitute tER by Mg(2+)GTP- and Mg(2+)ATP-hydrolysis-dependent membrane fusion. The ATPases associated with different cellular activities protein p97 has been identified as the relevant ATPase. The ATP depletion by hexokinase or treatment with either N-ethylmaleimide or anti-p97 prevented assembly of the smooth ER domain of tER. High-salt washing of low-density microsomes inhibited assembly of the smooth ER domain of tER, whereas the readdition of purified p97 with associated p47 promoted reconstitution. The t-SNARE syntaxin 5 was observed within the smooth ER domain of tER, and antisyntaxin 5 abrogated formation of this same membrane compartment. Thus, p97 and syntaxin 5 regulate assembly of the smooth ER domain of tER and hence one of the earliest membrane differentiated components of the secretory pathway.

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